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(Solved): 1. (10 points) In highly active muscle, protein is often used as fuel. Alanine makes up a large amo ...
1. (10 points) In highly active muscle, protein is often used as fuel. Alanine makes up a large amount of muscle protein and can easily be used for energy production. Alanine can be converted to pyruvate using the enzyme alanine dehydrogenase found in the cytosol. The reaction is seen below. alanine +H2O+NAD+→ pyruvate +NADH+NH4+ a) Starting with 1 molecule of alanine that is completely oxidized to CO2, how many NADH and FADH2 are produced? Make sure to show the steps/pathways involved to get from alanine to CO2. indicating the number of reduced electron formed in each step/pathway. b) What is the maximum yield of ATP in the mitochondria of the muscle if all reduced NADH and FADH2 are oxidized via electron transport and all pumped protons are used to produce ATP? You must show work.