Home /
Expert Answers /
Mechanical Engineering /
nbsp-can-someone-help-with-this-d-e-please-parts-of-this-question-require-you-to-use-your-8-pa388

can someone help with this d, e please

[Parts of this question require you to use your 8-digit Student ID number. You must clearly state the value of this number you use in your calculations.] Figure Q3.1 shows a penstock for a hydroelectric power station. The diameter of the pipe from point 1 to point 2 is \( D=2 \mathrm{~m} \). (a) State 4 assumptions required to apply the Bernoulli equation from points 1 to \( 2 . \) [4 marks] (b) By using the Bernoulli equation, derive an equation for the velocity of the flow at point 2 in terms of \( z_{1} \) and \( z_{2} \). [4 marks] (c) Compute the velocity and volumetric flow rate at point 2 at the instant shown. [3 marks] (d) Explain why the Bernoulli equation will be inaccurate here and what is meant by head loss. [3 marks] (e) The head loss of the pipe is estimated to be \( 11 \mathrm{~m} \). A turbine is now installed at point 3 with an efficiency of \( \left(80+\left(S \times 10^{-5}-100\right)\right) \% \), where \( S \) is your unique 8-digit Student ID number. The turbine is connected to a generator with an efficiency of \( 90 \% \). Assuming that the velocity you computed in part (c) has been reduced by half, compute the power generated. Page 6 of 9